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Italian Rationalism in Como

Posted by Ciro Ianniello on November 3, 2016
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The route runs between two major areas of rationalist interest: Quarter Rationalist Como, between Viale Puecher, Viale Sinigaglia, and Piazza del Popolo with Casa del Fascio (Fascist Home). We have taken no notice of other examples of buildings located in areas less consistent.

Together they are a demonstration of what the architecture of rationalism in Como has found a fertile territory for experimentation. The Casa del fascio, masterpiece of Italian rationalism project by architect Giuseppe Terragni in 1932 and built in 1936 (see the chapter dedicated), is an essential building cuboid whose facades are the result of a clever interval between full and empty parts always different. The neighborhood rationalist winds through Viale Puecher and Viale Sinigaglia in the most adjacent to the first basin of Lake Como, with its buildings is a vivid testimony of the important architectural renewal operated by Rationalism in terms of both the use of materials that solutions plastics and formal, designed basically to be functional. In the district you can admire the NOVOCOMUM, nicknamed the “transatlantic”: apartment building designed in 1927 by Giuseppe Terragni, remarkable for the movement of the front and to the angles from the main cylinder distributed over the three floors of the building.

The War Memorial, inaugurated in 1933 by Joseph and Attilio Terragni second sketch executed in 1914 by the futurist Antonio Sant’Elia (he remembered from the monument as fallen of the Great War). Imposing, tall (33 m high) and austere became a tourist attraction where you can enjoy a stunning view of the city going up to the last terrace. The interior, simple shapes, is noteworthy.

The House of Balilla, built between 1932 and 1936 by engineer Gianni Mantero as the seat of the National Balilla, with office space, gym and pool. Born on the existing structure of the stadium Sinigaglia was intended to educate the young to the values of fascism through moral education and physical. The façade, characterized by the imposing marble portals and the linearity of the volume, the report highlights that the fascist regime has made with the art and architecture in its search functionality and neutrality.

The Idroscalo International – founded in 1930 is unique in Italy, was part of the biggest project to build sports facilities and leisure in the area of the lake. The Rowing Lario – in Viale Puecher, seat of the sports club, designed and created between 1930-1931 by Gianni Mantero, is characterized by low volumes and stretched and hot workout, the first of its kind in Italy and the trampoline reinforced concrete cantilever.

Last building built by Terragni (1939-40), the house Giuliani Frigerio is admirable for the treatment of the architectural volumes: the four sides of the house are decorated with a nice job on the effects of solids and voids.

For those interested in the Como rationalist, you can participate in a guided tour organized by the tourist office. For further information are advised to contact the phone number 031.252518 / 28, or ufficioturismo@comune.como.it.

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